Rules

Below are the rules for curling as published by the Canadian Curling Association. This is probably the most widely used and recognized set of rules at the club level. The World Curling Federation also publishes rules and this link will take you to their site (look under “WCF Information” on the left side). This set of rules is a PDF file that may be downloaded and is slightly more geared toward the Olympics. Additionally, the Canadian Curling Association publishes a special set of rules that apply to “officiated play”. Click on the “Learn to Curl” link on top of the CCA page and look for the Curling Rules link on the middle-right side of the page.

Copies of this handbook may be obtained from your provincial/territorial curling association, your curling club, or from the:

Canadian Curling Association
1660 Vimont Court
Cumberland, ON K4A 4J4
E-mail: Canada Curling Association
Website: www.curling.ca

All Rights Reserved Canadian Curling Association
PUBLISHED – SEPTEMBER, 2005
EXPIRES – SEPTEMBER, 2007

RULES OF CURLING FOR GENERAL PLAY

RULES OF CURLING FOR GENERAL PLAY

CONTENTS

Code of Ethics

  1. Application
  2. Definitions
  3. Sheet
  4. Stones
  5. Teams
  6. Skips
  7. Position of Players
  8. Delivery
  9. Touched Delivered Stone or Stone(s) Set in Motion
  10. Displaced Stationary Stones
  11. Sweeping/Brushing
  12. Free Guard Zone
  13. Stones in Play and Scoring
  14. Measuring
  15. Equipment
  16. Game Duration and Postponement
  17. Miscellaneous

Code of Ethics

To ensure that all curlers are aware of their responsibilities when playing the game, the Canadian Curling Association has adopted the following Code of Ethics as an official supplement to the Rules of Curling:

Curlers’ Code of Ethics

  • I will play the game with a spirit of good sportsmanship.
  • I will conduct myself in an honorable manner both on and off the ice.
  • I will never knowingly break a rule, but if I do, I will divulge the breach.
  • I will take no action that could be interpreted as an attempt to intimidate or demean my opponents, teammates or officials.
  • I will interpret the rules in an impartial manner, always keeping in mind that the purpose of the rules is to ensure that the game is played in an orderly and fair manner.
  • I will humbly accept any penalty that the governing body at any level of curling deems appropriate, if I am found in violation of the Code of Ethics or rules of the game.

Coaching Code of Ethics

  • The coach shall act with integrity in performing all duties owed to athletes, the sport, other members of the coaching profession and the public.
  • The coach shall strive to be well prepared and current in order that all duties in his/her discipline are fulfilled with competence.
  • The coach shall act in the best interest of the athlete’s development as a whole person.
  • The coach shall accept both the letter and the spirit of the rules that define and govern the sport.
  • The coach shall accept the role of officials in providing judgment to ensure that competitions are conducted fairly and in accordance with the established rules.
  • The coach’s conduct toward other coaches shall be characterized by courtesy, good faith and respect.
  • The coach shall maintain the highest standards of personal conduct and support the principles of Fair Play.

Fair Play

Fair Play begins with the strict observance of the written rule; however, in most cases, Fair Play involves something more than even unfailing observance of the written rule. The observance of the spirit of the rules, whether written or unwritten, is important. Fair Play results from measuring up to one’s own moral standards while engaged in competition. Fair Play is consistent demonstration of respect for teammates and opponents, whether they are winning or losing. Fair Play is consistent demonstration of respect for officials, an acceptance of their decisions and a steadfast spirit of collaboration with them. Sportsmanlike behavior should be demonstrated both on and off the ice. This includes modesty in victory and composure in defeat.

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  1. Application

    1. The Rules of Curling for General Play apply to any competition to which they are made applicable by the curling body having jurisdiction.
    2. The Rules of Curling for General Play are not intended to be used in conjunction with officiating. If a curling body having jurisdiction over an event(s) wishes to make this rule book applicable to a specific competition(s) while also utilizing officials, they should also put in place a set of guidelines outlining the authority of the officials relative to the implementation of penalties.
    3. If special rules are in effect, they shall take precedence over the General Rules of Curling.

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  2. Definitions

    • Biting means that the vertical projection of a stone is in contact with the sheet line(s) to which the stone is in close proximity.
    • CCA means the Canadian Curling Association.
    • Competition means a playdown involving any number of teams playing games to determine a winner.
    • Counting Stone means any stationary stone in the house that is closer to the tee than any stationary stone of the opposing team.
    • Delivering Team means the team who is in control of the house and whose turn it is to deliver.
    • End means the part of the game in which two opposing teams each deliver eight stones alternately and then determine the score.
    • Game means play between two teams to determine a winner.
    • House means the area within the outside circle at each end of the sheet.
    • Sheet means an area of ice marked in accordance with Rule 3.
    • Delivered Stone means a stone that is in motion from the moment that it has reached the nearer tee line and been released, until it has come to rest or is out of play.
    • Stone set in motion means a stone in motion whose movement from a stationary position, in play, is caused by a delivered stone or another stone previously set in motion.
    • Team means three or four players playing together in accordance with Rule 5 and may also include the team alternate and coach as determined by the rules of the competition.
    • Original Position means the position the stones were in immediately before the violation or incident took place.

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  3. Sheet

    1. The recommended length of the sheet from backboard to backboard shall be 146 feet (44.501 meters). The width of the sheet from sideline to sideline shall be a minimum of 14 feet 2 inches (4.318 meters) and a maximum of 15 feet 7 inches (4.75 meters). This area shall be delineated by lines drawn or dividers placed on the perimeter.
    2. The center line, one-half inch in width, shall be placed the length of the sheet through the center of the tee lines to a point 12 feet (3.658 meters) behind each tee. At this point, a line one-half inch in width (1.27 centimeters) and 1 foot 6 inches (45.72 centimeters) in length shall be placed at right angles to the center line and shall be known as the hack line. The inside (circle side) edge of the hack boards shall be placed on this hack line.
    3. At each end of the sheet there shall be three distinct lines drawn from sideline to sideline as follows:
      1. each tee line, one-half inch in width, shall be placed 12 feet (3.658 meters) from the hack line to the center of the tee line and there shall be 114 feet (34.747 meters) from the center of one tee line to the center of the other tee line. The distance from the backboard to the center of the tee line shall be 16 feet (4.877 meters) if the length of the sheet is 146 feet (44.501 meters) from backboard to backboard. The intersection of the tee line and the center line is called the tee.
      2. each back line, one-half inch in width, shall be placed with its outer edge 6 feet (1.829 meters) from the center of the tee line, so that the outer edge of the back line (hack side) is a tangent with the 12 foot circle touching the outer edge of the outer circle exactly 6 feet (1.829 meters) from the tee, where the back line intersects the center line.
      3. the hogline, 4 inches (10.16 centimeters) in width, shall be placed with the inner (circle side) edge 21 feet (6.401 meters) from the center of the tee line.

      image of curling sheet measurements

    4. With each tee as center, there shall be drawn four concentric circles at each end with the outer edge of the outer circle having a radius of 6 feet (1.829 meters), the next circle 4 feet (1.219 meters), the next circle 2 feet (60.96 centimeters) and the inner circle a minimum of 6 inches (15.24 centimeters). The marking of the center line and tee line may be omitted from the inner circle
    5. The intersection of each tee line and each center line shall be identified by an adjustable tee center The base portion shall be securely anchored at the exact intersection of the tee line and center line of each house, and the top portion should be capable of vertical adjustment to suit varying ice levels. The design of the tee center shall be accepted by the CCA.
    6. The hack(s) used for delivery shall be of a style and size accepted by the CCA. The hack(s) shall not exceed 8 inches (20.32 centimeters) in length.
      1. If two hacks are used, the back edge of each hack shall be placed on the hack lines and that the inside edge of each hack shall be no further than 3 inches (7.62 centimeters) from the center line.
      2. If one moveable hack is used, it shall be placed with the back edge of the hack on the hack line and be either centered on the center line or with the inside edge no further than 3 inches (7.62 centimeters) from the center line (left or right).
      3. If one fixed hack is used, it shall be placed with the back edge of the hack on the hack line and centered on the center line.
    7. The diagram herein shows the proper layout of the sheet in accordance with the measurements in this section.

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  4. Stones

    1. Curling stones shall be of circular shape.
    2. Curling stones, including handle and bolt, shall weigh a maximum of 44 lbs. (19.96 kilograms), shall have a maximum circumference of 36 inches (91.44 centimeters) and shall be a maximum of 4.5 inches (11.43 centimeters) in height, measured between the bottom and top of the stone.
    3. Two sets of eight stones shall be provided for each sheet of play.
    4. A team member or coach shall not physically alter the running surface or weight of either teams’ assigned or selected game stones in any manner.
    5. If a stone is broken in play, a replacement stone shall be placed where the largest fragment comes to rest. The inside edge of the replacement stone shall be placed in the same position as the inside edge of the largest fragment with the assistance of a measuring stick.
    6. A stone that rolls over in its course or comes to rest on its side or top shall be removed immediately from play.
    7. All 16 stones originally on the sheet at the start of a game shall be delivered in every completed end. No interchange of stones or redelivery of previously delivered stones in that end may take place so that a stone is delivered for the second time.

    Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 4(7), the non-offending team may allow the play to stand or remove the stone just delivered from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions.

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  5. Teams

    1. Every team shall be composed of a minimum of four players as determined by the rules of the competition except as provided for in Rule 5(5). Prior to each game, the team shall designate the four eligible members of the team who will commence play as players for that team.
    2. Unless otherwise specified in the rules of the competition:
      1. the teams opposing each other in a game shall toss a coin to determine which team plays the first stone in the first end. The winner of the toss has the choice between playing the first or second stone of the end; and
      2. the team that plays the first stone of the end has choice of handle color.
      3. In the second and subsequent ends, the winner of the preceding end shall play the first stone of the end.
    3. Each player on a four player team shall deliver two stones in each end alternately with his/her opponent.
    4. The delivery rotation declared by a team prior to the start of a game shall be followed throughout that game except as provided for in Rule 5(5), 5(6) or 5(7).
    5. Unless otherwise specified in the rules of the competition:
      1. A team shall include a minimum of two players from the original team and a substitute player(s). A team that is missing a player(s) may use a substitute player(s).
      2. A substitute player shall be a team’s designated alternate, a player from a players’ pool or other eligible player as provided for in the rules of the competition.
      3. A team may play with three players with the first two players each delivering three stones in each end. Under no circumstance may a team play with fewer than three players delivering stones.
      4. A substitute player who joins a team prior to the start of a game may deliver stones in any position of the delivery rotation of the team. The team shall declare their delivery rotation at this time.
      5. A substitute player who joins a team between ends may deliver stones in any position of the delivery rotation of his/her team. Players may move up or down the delivery rotation only as required to position the substitute player and the team shall re-declare their delivery rotation at this time.
      6. During an end in play, if a player(s) is unable to complete the delivery rotation declared by the team at the start of the game the team may activate a substitute player(s) subject to:
        1. a substitute player may only enter a game during an end if they deliver a stone within that end; and
        2. a substitute player(s) who enters a game during an end shall replace the sidelined player(s) in the team’s delivery rotation for that end; and
        3. at the beginning of the next end the substitute player may deliver stones in any position of the delivery rotation of his/her team. Players may move up or down in the delivery rotation only as required to position the substitute player and the team shall re-declare their delivery rotation at this time; and
        4. the replaced team member shall not rejoin the team until the next game unless the team loses a subsequent player(s) and is therefore placed in a default position as per Rule 5(5)(a) and (b).
      1. A team that commences a game with three players and expects the fourth player to join the team during the game shall establish the team’s four player delivery rotation prior to commencing the game.
      2. A player who is late for a game may enter the game between ends or may enter an end already in progress providing he/she is able to deliver a stone within the team’s established delivery rotation.
      3. A player who has left a game may re-enter the game between ends or during an end already in progress providing he/she is able to deliver a stone within the team’s established delivery rotation. If a substitute player has been activated, the replaced team member shall not rejoin the team until the next game except as provided in Rule 5(5)(f) iv).
      1. If a player delivers his/her first stone of the end and is unable to deliver his/her second stone of the end and the rules of the competition allow the team to continue play with three players and the team chooses to play with three players, the following procedures shall be followed:
        • If the lead player, the second player shall deliver the lead player’s stone.
        • If the second player, the lead player shall deliver the second player’s stone.
        • If the third player, the second player shall deliver the third player’s stone.
        • If the fourth player, the third player shall deliver the fourth player’s stone.
      2. If a player is unable to deliver both his/her stones during an end and the rules of the competition allow the team to continue with three players and the team chooses to play with three players, the following procedures shall be followed for the end in progress:
        • If the lead player, the second player shall deliver both of the lead player’s stones and one of the second player’s stones, and the third player shall deliver one of the second player’s stones and both of the third player’s stones.
        • If the second player, the lead player shall deliver the first of the second player’s stones, and the third player shall deliver the second of the second player’s stones and both of the third player’s stones.
        • If the third player, the second player shall deliver both of the third player’s stones.
        • If the fourth player, the third player shall deliver both of the fourth player’s stones.

      Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 5(4), 5(5), 5(6), or 5(7), all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time, the non-offending team may allow the play to stand or remove the stone just delivered from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions.

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  6. Skips

    1. The skip has the exclusive direction of the game for his/her team and shall deliver stones in each end except as provided for in Rule 5(7).
    2. Subject to Rule 5(4), the skip may play any position in the delivery rotation of his/her team. Regardless of the position played in the delivery rotation, the player designated as skip shall remain in that capacity throughout the course of that game except as provided for in Rule 5(6).
    3. When it is the skip’s turn to deliver, he/she shall elect a teammate to act as skip. Subject to Rule 5(4), the vice-skip may play any position in the delivery rotation of his/her team. Regardless of the position played in the delivery rotation, the player designated as vice-skip shall remain in that capacity throughout the course of that game except as provided for in Rule 5(6). The vice-skip shall assume the responsibilities of the skip when the skip is not on the playing surface.

    Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 6(1), 6(2) or 6(3), all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time, the non- offending team may allow the play to stand or remove the stone just delivered from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions.

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  7. Position of Players

    1. Members of the non-delivering team:
      1. The skip and vice-skip and only the skip and vice-skip may be positioned inside the hogline at the playing end and shall position themselves behind the back line when the delivering team is in the process of delivery. Both players shall be motionless with their brooms positioned in a manner not to interfere with or distract the attention of the player who is in the process of delivery as provided for in Rule 8(2).
      2. One player may take a stationary position by the backboard at the delivering end and to the side of the sheet. The player shall remain silent and motionless when the delivering team player is in the process of delivery as provided for in Rule 8(2).
      3. The players not taking the positions 7(1)(a) or 7(1)(b) shall position themselves between the hoglines and to the extreme sides of the sheet when the opposing team is delivering a stone. The players positioned in this area shall remain in single file when the delivering team player is in the process of delivery as provided for in Rule 8(2).
      4. The non-delivering team members shall not take any position or cause such motion that would obstruct, interfere with or distract any member of the delivering team.

        Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 7(1)(a), 7(1)(b), 7(1)(c) or 7(1)(d), all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time, the non-offending team has the option of:

        1. allowing the play to stand; or
        2. recommencing the delivery of the stone; or
        3. replacing all affected stones as close as possible to their original position and redelivering the stone
    2. Members of the delivering team:
      1. The skip or vice-skip shall be positioned inside the hogline and on the ice surface of the playing end while their team is in the process of delivery. They shall have choice of position for the purpose of directing play.

      Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 7(2)(a), all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time, the non- offending team may allow the play to stand or remove the stone just delivered from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions.

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  8. Delivery

    1. Only right-handed deliveries shall be initiated from the hack located to the left of the center line and only left-handed deliveries shall be initiated from the hack located to the right of the center line. Both right-handed and left-handed deliveries may be initiated from a hack located on the center line.
      • Interpretation: If a single, moveable hack is in use it shall be positioned as required by the delivering team in accordance with Rule 3(6) and 8(1).
      • Interpretation: The delivery and release of a curling stone are intended to occur within a reasonable proximity to the center line.

      Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 8(1), all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time, the non- offending team may allow the play to stand or remove the stone just delivered from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions.

      1. A player whose team is in control of the house is deemed to be in the process of delivery from the time the player is positioned in the hack until the stone is released.
      2. A player shall only commence a forward progression from the hack with a stone after the previously delivered stone and any stones set in motion have come to rest or have crossed the back line and his/her team is in control of the house.
    2. In the delivery of a stone, the stone shall be released before the stone has reached the nearer hogline.

      Penalty: The delivered stone and all affected stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. If a team declares its own violation of Rule 8(3), the non-offending team shall remove the stone just delivered from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions.

    3. If a player wishes to recommence the delivery as a result of his/her own team’s action, the player may do so providing the stone has not reached the nearer tee line.
      • Interpretation: The delivery may be recommenced if the player’s body or equipment reaches the tee line providing the stone does not.
    4. If an extreme circumstance occurs during the delivery that distracts the thrower to a significant degree during the process of delivery [Rule 8(2)], the stone may be redelivered prior to the opposition delivering their next stone.
    5. Each player shall be ready to deliver when his/her turn comes.
    6. Delay of a game in progress by a player for any reason excluding accident or illness shall not exceed three minutes.
    7. If a player delivers a stone belonging to the opposing team, a stone belonging to his/her team shall be put in its place.
      1. If a player delivers a stone out of proper rotation, the end shall continue and the delivery rotation shall continue to be in accordance with Rule 5(3) and 5(4), except as provided for in rule 5(7).
        • Interpretation: This includes the situation when the team with last stone throws first.
      2. If an error in delivery rotation causes a player on the same team to miss a turn, the player who has missed a turn shall deliver the last stone for his/her team in the end.
        • Interpretation: This rule applies to the situation when the second player delivers the lead player’s second stone and other similar delivery rotation errors.
    8. If the opposing teams agree that a stone has been missed but are unable to determine which player missed his/her turn, the lead of the team that missed a turn shall play the last stone for his/her team in that end.
      1. If a team delivers two stones in succession in the same end, they shall remove the second stone that was played, replace any stone(s) displaced by the stone and the end shall continue. The delivery rotation of the offending team shall be altered for that end so that the player who delivered the second of the two stones delivered in succession shall deliver the last stone for his/her team in that end.
      2. If the non-offending team delivers a stone prior to the error in delivery rotation being detected, the end shall be continued. If the non-offending team has last stone they shall deliver the last two stones of the end in succession. If the non-offending team is the team who started the end without last stone they shall deliver the last stone of the end.
    9. If a player on a four player team delivers three stones in one end, except as provided for in Rule 5(7), the end shall be continued and the fourth player on the offending team shall deliver one stone only in that end.
    10. If the handle came off of a stone during the process of the delivery [Rule 8(2)], the delivering team may:
      1. allow the play to stand, or
      2. redeliver the stone after all affected stones have been replaced as close as possible to their original position.

      The delivering team must make their choice prior to the opposition delivering their next stone.

      • Interpretation: This does not apply to a handle that is loose but did not separate from the stone.

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  9. Touched Delivered Stone or Stone(s) Set in Motion

    1. A delivered stone or stone set in motion shall not be touched by any player, equipment or personal belongings of the team to which it belongs.
      • Interpretation: A stone which has been released (fingers and thumb no longer in contact with the handle) and then retouched by the delivering player is considered a touched delivered stone and thus a breach of Rule 9(1). A player who repositions his/her hand on the handle while in the process of delivery and does so without losing contact with the handle is not in breach of Rule 9(1).

      Penalty: If the violation occurs after the stone has been released, all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. If a team declares its own violation of Rule 9(1) the non-offending team may then remove the touched stone from play and replace all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions unless they select either of these alternative options:

      1. allowing the play to stand; or
      2. placing the touched stone and all stones it would have affected where they would have come to rest had the violation not occurred. This option is only applicable where the violation occurred inside the hogline at the end of play or involved a stone considered to be in play.
    2. A delivered stone shall not be touched by any player of the opposing team or their equipment nor shall they cause the stone to be touched.

      Penalty: All stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. If a team declares its own violation of Rule 9(2) the non-offending team has the option of:

      1. allowing the play to stand; or
      2. replacing all affected stones as close as possible to their original position and redelivering the stone; or
      3. placing the touched stone and all stones it affected or would have affected where they would have come to rest had the violation not occurred. This option is only applicable where the violation occurred inside the hogline at the end of play or involved a stone considered to be in play.
    3. A stone set in motion shall not be touched by any player of the opposing team or their equipment nor shall they cause the stone to be touched.

      Penalty: All stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. If a team declares its own violation of Rule 9(3), the non-offending team has the option of:

      1. allowing the play to stand; or
      2. placing the touched stone and all stones it affected or would have affected where they would have come to rest had the violation not occurred.
    4. If a delivered stone or stone in the process of delivery was touched or caused to be touched by an external force, i.e. stone, broom or brush from another sheet, spectator, etc., the player shall redeliver the stone. If the touched stone has displaced other stones, they shall be replaced as close as possible to their original positions to the satisfaction of both teams.
    5. If a stone(s) set in motion was touched or caused to be touched by an external force, the stone(s) set in motion and all stones they would have affected shall be placed where they would have come to rest had the incident not occurred with placement to the satisfaction of both teams.

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  10. Displaced Stationary Stones

    1. A stationary stone shall not be displaced by a player or that player’s equipment nor shall a player cause a stone to be displaced by an opposing player or that player’s equipment.

      Penalty – Situation #1: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 10(1), and the displaced stone did not alter and would not have altered the course of a delivered stone or stone in motion,

      1. the non-offending team shall replace the displaced stone(s) as close as possible to its original position, and
      2. if the displacement occurred while playing the final stone of the end and/or prior to agreement of the score, Rule 13(9) shall apply.
        • Interpretation: If there is any question as to which stone(s) was closer to the tee, the displaced stone shall be positioned in favor of the non-offending team.

      Penalty – Situation #2: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 10(1) and the displaced stationary stone altered or would have altered the course of a delivered stone or stone set in motion, all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time the non-offending team has the option of:

      1. allowing the play to stand; or
      2. placing the stone just delivered or stone set in motion and all stones it would have affected where they would have come to rest had the violation not occurred; or
      3. removing the stone just delivered or stone set in motion from play and replacing all affected stones as close as possible to their original positions.
        • Interpretation: If there is any question as to which stone(s) would have been closer to the tee had the violation not occurred, the stone(s) that was affected or would have been affected by the delivered stone or stone set in motion shall be positioned in favor of the non-offending team.
    2. The delivering team shall prevent a stationary stone(s) from being displaced by a stone(s) that is deflected from a divider or from a stationary stone on another sheet.

      Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 10(2), all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time the non-offending team shall replace the displaced stationary stone(s) as close as possible to its original position. If the displacement occurred while playing the final stone of an end and prior to agreement of the score, Rule 13(9) shall apply.

      • Interpretation: If there is any question as to which stone(s) was closer to the tee or would have been closer to the tee had the violation not occurred, the displaced stone(s) or stone(s) in motion shall be positioned in favor of the non-offending team.
    3. If the stones are displaced during an end in a way other than stated in the preceding rules, the teams shall determine the positions to which the stones are to be returned, subject to:
      1. If the teams cannot agree on the original position of the displaced stones relative to which was closer to the tee, the end shall be replayed; and
      2. If the displacement occurred at the conclusion of play in an end and prior to agreement of the score, Rule 13(9) shall apply.

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  11. Sweeping/Brushing

    1. Between the tee lines, all members of the delivering team may sweep/brush any of their team’s stones that have been delivered or set in motion.
    2. Only the skip or vice-skip of the non-delivering team may sweep/brush their team’s stone(s) after it is set in motion.
    3. Behind the tee line, only one player from each team may sweep/brush at one time. This may be the skip or vice-skip of either team or the lead or second of the delivering team.
      • Interpretation: The only time a lead or second of the delivering team may sweep/brush behind the tee line is when sweeping/brushing his/her team’s delivered stone or any stone set in motion.
    4. Behind the tee line, the delivering team shall have first privilege of sweeping/brushing any stone. If their choice is not to sweep/brush, they shall not obstruct or prevent the non-delivering skip or vice skip from sweeping/brushing the stone.
    5. An opponent’s delivered stone or stone set in motion shall not be swept/brushed until it reaches the farther tee line and sweeping/brushing shall only take place behind the tee line.
      • Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 11(1), 11(2), 11(3), 11(4) or 11(5), all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time the non-offending team may allow the play to stand or place the stone and all stones it would have affected where they would have come to rest had the sweeping violation not occurred.
      1. The sweeping/brushing motion shall be from side to side.
      2. The sweeping/brushing motion shall not leave any debris in front of a delivered stone or stone set in motion.
      3. The final sweeping/brushing motion shall finish to either side of the delivered stone or stone set in motion.
    6. All sweeping/brushing shall take place in front of the delivered stone or stone set in motion and within 6 feet (1.83 meters) of the stone.
    7. When sweeping with a corn/straw broom, the sweeping motion shall take place with the corn/straw pointing in the direction of play.
      • Interpretation: Backward sweeping with a corn/straw broom is not acceptable.

        Penalty: If a team declares its own violation of Rule 11(6), 11(7) or 11(8), all stones shall be allowed to come to rest before any action is taken. At this time the non-offending team has the option of:

        • allowing the play to stand; or
        • removing the unfairly swept/brushed stone from play and replacing all affected stones as close as possible to their original position; or
        • placing the unfairly swept/brushed stone and stone(s) it would have affected where they would have come to rest had the sweeping/brushing violation not occurred.

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  12. Free Guard Zone

    1. The free guard zone is the area between the hogline and the tee line, excluding the house.
      • Interpretation: A stone which comes to rest biting or in front of the hogline after making contact with a stone in the free guard zone is considered to be in the free guard zone. A stone which comes to rest outside the house but biting the tee line is not considered to be in the free guard zone.
    2. Any stationary stone(s) belonging to the opposition that is located in the free guard zone shall not be moved to an out-of-play position by the delivering team prior to the delivery of the 5th stone of the end.
      • Penalty: A stone that is delivered prior to the 5th stone of the end that results in an opposition stone being moved from the free guard zone, either directly or indirectly, to an out-of-play position is an infraction which shall result in the delivered stone being removed from play and any other stone if moved being replaced as close as possible to its original position.
      • Interpretation: A delivered third or fourth stone of an end may hit an opposition stone(s) located in the free guard zone on to a stone(s) not in the free guard zone providing that any opposition stone originally located in the free guard zone remains in play. If this action results in an opposition free guard zone stone being moved to an out-of-play position, the penalty described above will apply. You may move your own stone from the free guard zone or remove your own stone from the free guard zone, providing you do not cause an opposition stone to be moved from the free guard zone to an out-of-play position.
    3. After the delivery of each of the first three stones of an end it is the responsibility of the skip of the team who is about to deliver to ensure agreement with the opposing skip as to whether or not any of the stone(s) in play have come to rest in the free guard zone. If they cannot agree, they may make the determination by using the six foot measuring stick. If the position of another stone(s) hinders the use of the six foot measure they may reposition the stone(s), complete the measurement and replace the stone(s) to its original position.

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  13. Stones in Play and Scoring

    1. A stone that does not come to rest inside the inner edge (house side) of the farther hogline shall be removed from play immediately except where it has struck another stone lying in play.
      • Interpretation: A stone which crosses the hogline but, when stopping, spins such that it comes to rest biting the hog line, is considered “out of play”.
    2. A stone coming to rest beyond the outer edge of the back line shall be immediately removed from play.
      • Interpretation: A stone which crosses the back line but, when stopping, spins such that it comes to rest biting the back line, is considered “in play”.
    3. A stone that touches a sideline, hits a divider or comes to rest biting a sideline shall be removed immediately from play.

      • Interpretation
        : If a delivered stone or stone in motion hits a stationary stone and a sideline or divider at the same time, the stationary stone shall be allowed to take its course as if it had been hit first.
    4. A game shall be decided by a majority of points.
    5. Each stone, any part of which is within 6 feet (1.83 meters) of the tee, is eligible to be counted.
    6. A team scores one point for each eligible stone that is closer to the tee than any stone of the opposing team.
    7. An end shall be decided when the skips or vice-skips in charge of the house at the time agree upon the score for the end.
    8. If two or more stones are tied, then none of the tied stones shall count and only stones closer to the tee than the tied stones shall be eligible to be counted. If the tied stones are to determine which team shall count in that end, the end shall be considered blank.
    9. If a stone(s) which may have affected the points scored in an end is displaced prior to the skips or vice-skips deciding the score, the team causing the displacement shall forfeit the point(s) involved.
    10. Should an individual other than the two teams or their coaches displace or cause the displacement of a stone(s) prior to agreement of the score or a measure being determined, the following shall apply:
      1. Preceding the final end;
        1. If the displaced stone(s) would have determined who won an end, the end shall be replayed.
        2. If a team secured a point(s) and the displaced stone(s) would have determined if an additional point(s) was scored, that team shall have the option of replaying the end or keeping the point(s) already secured and proceeding to the next end.
      2. In the final end:
        1. If the game is tied and the displaced stone(s) would have determined which team won the game, the end shall be replayed.
        2. If the displaced stone(s) would have determined if the game was tied or lost by the team that was behind in points, that team shall have the option of replaying the end or keeping the point(s) they had already secured and playing an additional end without last rock.
        3. If the team that was behind in points had already secured sufficient points to tie the game, and the displaced stone(s) would have determined if they won the game, that team shall have the option of replaying the end or keeping the point(s) already secured and playing an additional end, with last rock being determined by a single draw to the tee with sweeping/brushing. The team who was ahead in points when the end began shall have the choice of drawing first or last.
        4. If the displaced stone(s) would have determined if the game was lost, tied or won, the team that was down in points shall have the option of replaying the end or keeping the point(s) already secured, if any, and playing an additional end, with last rock being determined by a single draw to the tee with sweeping/brushing. The team who was ahead in points when the end began shall have the choice of drawing first or last.
          • Interpretation: Rule 13(10)(b)(iv) applies to the following types of situations:
            • A team is one down going home and measuring two of their stones to determine if they have lost, tied or won the game.
            • A team is two down going home counting one and measuring two of their stones to determine if they have lost, tied or won the game.
        5. If after regulation play [Rule 16(1)], the score is tied, play shall be continued without changing the rotation of play (end the stones are thrown to) for such additional end or ends as may be required to decide the winning team.

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  14. Measuring

    1. Measurements shall be taken from the tee to the closest part of the stone.
      • Interpretation: Because stones may vary in diameter, measurements shall not be taken from the tee to the farthest part of a stone.
    2. No physical device to aid visual observation shall be used in measuring prior to the last stone delivered in the end coming to rest except as provided for in Rule 12(2) and 14(4).
    3. Decisions on whether a stone is in or out of play at the hog line, sidelines and back line shall be visual (no accepted measuring device) except as provided for in Rule 14(4). If the opposing skips cannot agree, they may request a non- partisan third party to render a decision.
    4. A skip may conduct a measurement when a stone is located on the back line in proximity to the center line (6:00 position) to confirm if the stone is in or out of play. The 6 foot (1.83 meters) measuring stick shall be used.
      • Interpretation: If the position of a stone(s) in the house makes it impossible to use the measuring stick to determine if a stone is in or out of play and the opposing skips cannot agree, they may request a non-partisan third party to render a decision.
    5. If two or more stones are so close to the tee that a measuring device cannot be used, and if a visual comparison cannot determine which stone is closest to the tee, the stones shall be considered tied. If these stones were to determine who counted in the end, the end shall be considered blank.
    6. A measuring stick that measures a distance of six feet (1.83 meters) from the tee shall be used, if necessary, to confirm whether a stone is within six feet (1.83 meters) of the tee as provided for in Rule 12(2), 13(5) and 14(4).
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  15. Equipment

    1. A player shall not use footwear or equipment that may damage or affect the playing quality of the ice surface. (Examples: excessive debris from a corn/straw broom, shedding brushes, faulty slider or gripper.)
    2. At the start of each game, each player shall declare what type of sweeping/brushing device that he/she shall be using for the duration of the game (brush, synthetic straw style broom or corn/straw broom). Players may change or exchange brushes, brush heads and synthetic straw style brooms during a game. Players shall use the same corn/straw broom for the duration of the game and shall not exchange a corn/straw broom with another player.
    3. A broom or brush broken during the game shall be replaced by the same type of sweeping/brushing device.
    4. The use of a curling aid commonly referred to as a “delivery stick” which enables the player to deliver a stone without placing a hand on the handle is considered acceptable. If a player starts a game with a delivery stick then that player shall use a delivery stick throughout that game. If a player starts a game without a delivery stick, then a delivery stick shall not be used by that player in that game.
    5. The use of a curling aid commonly referred to as a “delivery balance device” is considered acceptable. The balance device shall not exceed 5 feet (152.4 centimeters) in length and 12 inches (30.5 centimeters) in width. Height may vary.

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  16. Game Duration and Postponement

    1. A game shall be of such length or duration as is stated in the rules governing the competition.
    2. If for any reason a game is postponed to another time, the game shall continue from the last completed end.
    3. If a team does not commence play at the designated time, unless otherwise stated by the rules governing the competition:
      1. For each full five minutes that the offending team does not commence play,the non-offending team shall be granted one point and one end shall be considered to have been played; and
      2. If the non–offending team has been granted a point(s), the non-offending team shall be given the choice of last rock in the first end or color of handle. Play shall commence from the end of play that reflects the number of ends that are considered to have been played; and
      3. After 30 minutes has elapsed the non-offending team shall be declared the winner.

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  17. Miscellaneous

    1. If any exceptions to the preceding rules are necessary to accommodate players with physical disabilities, appropriate adjustments are considered acceptable.
    2. Should any situation occur that is not covered by the rules, the decision shall be made in accordance with equity.

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